With the increasing energy bills and insecurity about a steady supply, the European railway sector calls for action. Sector associations Community of European Railway and Infrastructure Companies (CER) and the European Rail Freight Association (ERFA) asked the European Commission on Friday to ensure that the envisioned modal shift to rail is not derailed by increasing energy costs.
Costs for railway companies have ballooned following the Russian invasion of Ukraine. According to the associations, traction electricity prices have already doubled on average. Some countries have witnessed a tenfold increase. This puts current ticket prices and shipping rate in jeopardy and, by extension, the modal shift and the EU’s climate ambitions.
“Railways should be identified as a strategic service, which should be prioritised in the supply of affordable energy as a short-term measure. More freight and passengers on rail will improve the EU’s energy balance. This is important in the current energy crisis and to help lower the EU’s energy dependency on imported fossil fuels”, CER Executive Director Alberto Mazzola argues. According to the CER, energy amounts to “approximately 10-20 per cent of rail undertakings’ cost base”.
High costs leading to fallbacks
Earlier this week, Network Rail in the UK said that the combined cost of providing electricity to the network and all the other fuel costs for infrastructure trains, support vehicles and premises will, in the coming year, run to more than one billion pounds (1,2 billion euros) for the first time ever. The headline figure represents an increase of almost double on any previous year.
The UK is not the only one suffering, however, since rail companies in the European hinterland also feel the high-pricing impact. Apart from the rational fear that the situation could lead to a reverse modal shift, rail operators like LTG Cargo report something equally worrying, a shift to diesel traction, and call for special pricing regulations, especially for intermodal transportation, in view of a failing sustainability and green transition strategy.
Earlier this week, UIRR also stressed the importance of supporting the combined and intermodal transport operators since the opposite could potentially result in high expenses, low revenues and uneven competition with long-distance trucking, not only for now but also in the future.
Effort to stabilise prices
In Switzerland, the Federal Office of Transport (BAV) has recently adjusted its model for the pricing of railway electricity, making it possible to establish a fixed price for at least four years. The initiative was taken with SBB Energy, the rail electricity supplier for Swiss Federal Railways, but the new model only comes into force in 2025, and will therefore do little for the current situation. Currently, SBB Energy can submit a request once a year asking to change the price.
The BAV also notes that Article 8 of the Ordinance on Priority Transport in Exceptional Situations requires all transport companies and infrastructure operators of public transport and rail freight to prepare for a power shortage situation in the sense of their own business continuity management. A working group of the Swiss Association of Public Transport (VöV) is working on industry-wide concepts to support this.